What did the Voyageurs eat? George and the voyageurs ate corn, peas, rice, and pemmican—dried buffalo meat and fat, sometimes mixed with berries. They cut bites from sticks of pemmican, which tasted a little like greasy beef jerky. Once in a while they cooked pemmican in a stew.
What did the French voyageurs eat? The voyageurs ate a mid-day snack of pemmican and biscuit around 2:00 p.m., while paddling. At night, they settled by the firelight to enjoy a meal of pemmican, dried peas, or cornmeal. Cornmeal was made into hominy, a type of thick white porridge combined with bacon fat or bear grease for added taste.
What did the voyageurs eat for dinner? Biscuits were made from water and flour. The voyageurs ate a mid-day snack of pemmican and biscuit around 2:00 p.m., while paddling. At night, they settled by the firelight to enjoy a meal of pemmican, dried peas, or cornmeal.
How far did voyageurs travel a day? Each man had to carry from six to eight bundles on each portage. Sometimes they would walk 3 miles a day (5 km) as well as paddling long distances. How Much Did the Voyageur Carry?
What did the Voyageurs eat? – Related Questions
What did voyageurs do in the winter?
In order to survive the harsh winters, voyageurs had to look to their Ojibwe and Cree neighbors for guidance. Wild rice was harvested in the fall. However, many forts opted to trade their goods for food. Maple sugar and wild rice were brought to the fort by native women and traded all year long.
What did a voyageur do?
Voyageurs were independent contractors, workers or minor partners in companies involved in the fur trade. They were licensed to transport goods to trading posts and were usually forbidden to do any trading of their own. The fur trade changed over the years, as did the groups of men working in it.
What language did the voyageurs speak?
Although the new employers were English, the working language would remain French. In Making the Voyageur World, Carolyn Podruchny estimates the number of voyageurs at 500 in 1784, 1,500 in 1802 and 3,000 in 1821 at the height of the fur trade.
What did the Voyageurs eat for breakfast?
One observer recorded that a voyageur’s daily allowance of food included no more than a quart of Indian maize and one pound of grease. On other occasions they had pemmican (a greasy dried-meat mixture), wild oats and wheat, and dried meat or fish.
What is the meaning of a voyageur?
: a man employed by a fur company to transport goods to and from remote stations especially in the Canadian Northwest.
Who did the Voyageurs work for?
“Voyageur”, the French word for traveler, refers to the contracted employees who worked as canoe paddlers, bundle carriers, and general laborers for fur trading firms from the 1690s until the 1850s. This is why voyageurs were also known as “engagés”, a loose French expression translated as “employees”.
How much weight did Voyageurs carry?
It was about 36 feet (11 m) long and 6 feet (1.8 m) wide, and weighed about 600 pounds (270 kg) and carried 3 tons of cargo or 65 90-pound (41 kg) standard packs called pièces.
What replaced the fur trade?
Animal rights organizations oppose the fur trade, citing that animals are brutally killed and sometimes skinned alive. Fur has been replaced in some clothing by synthetic imitations, for example, as in ruffs on hoods of parkas.
How did the coureur de bois travel?
They traveled extensively by canoe. Coureurs des bois lost their importance in the fur trade by the early 18th century.
What is the difference between a voyageur and a coureur de bois?
What is the difference between the coureurs des bois and the voyageurs? The coureurs des bois were active during the French Regime. They were small businessmen trapping fur animals and trading. The voyageurs, for their part, were hired hands.
What did the coureur de bois wear?
Their fashion choices separate overtime namely because the coureurs des bois were no longer around and the trading companies took over. During the colder months, they would wear a large coat made of deer, moose, or caribou skin with a large belt around the middle. Belts could be made of leather or colorful wool.
Who were the coureurs de bois and what did they do?
The coureurs des bois (or coureurs de bois), translated as wood runners or runners in the woods, were travelling, unlicensed fur traders in New France between 1650 and 1700. They primarily sought fur from beavers, but also foxes, otters, ermines, muskrats, deer and moose.
Why did the fur trade end?
The fur trade started to decline in the Eastern United States by the late 1700’s. The decline resulted chiefly from the clearing of large areas for settlement. As more and more land was cleared, fur-bearing animals became increasingly scarce.
What was life like for the coureurs de bois?
The coureurs de bois were relatively young men, usually between 20 and 30 years of age, and who were not afraid of danger or physical exertion. They usually set off in the spring, travelling in bark canoes filled with goods to the “Upper Country” of the Great Lakes region. They did not return until the fall.
Which country started the fur trade?
The fur trade began in the 1600s in what is now Canada. It continued for more than 250 years. Europeans traded with Indigenous people for beaver pelts. The demand for felt hats in Europe drove this business.
Did the Voyageurs get paid?
The wintering voyageurs were paid once a year at Grand Portage, but they were paid in goods or in vouchers for merchandise from the company-run story. Because of the inflated prices at Grand Portage, the pay was worth only two-thirds of what it would have been in Montreal.
Why did the fur trade eventually become less profitable?
During the first half of the 17th century, the number of traders flooding into the St. Lawrence River region, and cutthroat competition among them, greatly reduced profits. In an attempt to impose order, the French Crown granted monopolies of the trade to certain individuals.
How many Voyageurs are there?
From the beginning of the fur trade in the 1680s until the late 1870s, the voyageurs were the blue-collar workers of the Montreal fur trade. At their height in the 1810s, they numbered as many as 3,000 men.
Where did the fur traders settle in the Midwest?
In Green Bay, the first permanent European settlement in the Midwest, Heritage Hill State Historical Park preserves fur-trader cabins and a Jesuit chapel. Madeline Island was a fur-trade center; in La Pointe, the Madeline Island Historical Museum has excellent exhibits on the fur trade.
Is the fur industry declining?
Euromonitor International estimates the global production of fur and fur products (including faux fur) declined 2.6 percent last year. In Western Europe, the decline was 13.3 percent.
Why was Coureur de Bois important?
Coureurs des bois were itinerant, unlicenced fur traders from New France. The independent coureurs des bois played an important role in the European exploration of the continent. They were also vital in establishing trading contacts with Indigenous peoples.