Is osteochondroma dangerous? An osteochondroma is a benign (noncancerous) tumor that develops during childhood or adolescence. It is an abnormal growth that forms on the surface of a bone near the growth plate. Growth plates are areas of developing cartilage tissue near the ends of long bones in children.
Is osteochondroma serious? Osteochondromas are benign lesions that do not affect life expectancy. However, the risk of malignant transformation (to secondary chondrosarcoma) should be taken onto consideration, especially in cases of multiple exostoses.
Should an osteochondroma be removed? Osteochondromas that are not causing problems do not need to be removed. However, if any osteochondroma is causing pain or getting much bigger, your doctor may recommend surgical removal.
Is osteochondroma surgery dangerous? For example, if an osteochondroma occurs in close proximity to the bone’s growth plate, surgical interference in the area could affect how the bone grows. The child should continue to be seen by a doctor, since a very small number of osteochondromas (1 percent) can develop into cancerous (malignant) tumors.
Is osteochondroma dangerous? – Related Questions
How often do Osteochondromas become cancerous?
Osteochondroma Types. Osteochondroma is rare, appearing in only two or three individuals per million each year. But in its benign form (single tumor osteochondroma), it is considered one of the more common subtypes, appearing in 35 to 40 percent of total cases.
Can osteochondroma turn cancerous?
Although it is rare for an osteochondroma to change into a cancerous tumor, it is possible. In adults, a thick covering of cartilage over the tumor is one sign of such a change. A tumor in an adult patient should be checked for cancer if it is enlarging or has become painful. Biopsy.
Is osteochondroma genetic disorder?
Hereditary multiple osteochondromas is inherited as an autosomal dominant genetic condition and is associated with abnormalities (mutations) in the EXT1or EXT2 gene. Hereditary multiple osteochondromas was formerly called hereditary multiple exostoses.
Can an osteochondroma shrink?
Objective: Osteochondromas are the most common benign bone tumors, and thus far, their spontaneous shrinkage is considered a rare phenomenon.
What does osteochondroma look like?
An osteochondroma looks like a bony projection on the external surface of a bone, like a bony mushroom on a stalk, usually near a growth plate area. It can occur in any bone but is seen most often around the knee or upper arm. This tumor generally grows with the child and stops growing once the child completes puberty.
How long does it take to recover from osteochondroma surgery?
It is normal for there to be some residual swelling and bruising at this time and it may take a few weeks more before returning to normal sports and activities. Sometimes some physio is needed to help get the joint moving and the muscles to recover, but it would usually take about 6 weeks in total to return to normal.
Is osteochondroma a bone spur?
An exostosis, also called a bony spur or osteoma, occurs when a bony growth extend beyond a bone’s usual smooth surface. Exostosis can cause chronic pain or irritation, depending on its size and location. Sometimes, cartilage will grow over an area of exostosis, which is called osteochondroma.
How do you stop bone growth?
Eat a well-rounded diet with plenty of calcium and vitamin D to protect your bones. Do regular weight-bearing exercises like walking or stair climbing to keep your bones strong. Try to keep the extra pounds off.
Who is most at risk for osteosarcoma?
Age. The risk of osteosarcoma is highest for those between the ages of 10 and 30, especially during the teenage growth spurt. This suggests there may be a link between rapid bone growth and risk of tumor formation. The risk goes down in middle age, but rises again in older adults (usually over the age of 60).
What is the most common age for females to be diagnosed with osteosarcoma?
It is most often diagnosed between the ages of 10 and 30, with most of these diagnoses occurring in teens. However, osteosarcoma can be diagnosed at any age, including in older adults. Around 10% of osteosarcoma is diagnosed in people over age 60.
Can osteosarcoma be cured?
Low grade: A small number of osteosarcomas are low grade, meaning they are likely to grow slowly. Patients with low-grade, resectable osteosarcomas can often be cured with surgery alone (without chemo). However, if the tumor removed by surgery is found to be high grade on lab tests, chemo might then be recommended.
What percent of people have osteochondroma?
Osteochondroma incidence is reported as 35% of benign and 8% of all bone tumors, though this is considered an underestimate as most are asymptomatic. Most cases are diagnosed within the first three decades of life, commonly in children or adolescents between 10 and 15 years of age.
What is the reason for extra growth of bone?
A bone spur (osteophyte) is a tiny pointed outgrowth of bone. Bone spurs are usually caused by local inflammation, such as from degenerative arthritis (osteoarthritis) or tendonitis. Bone spurs develop in areas of inflammation or injury of nearby cartilage or tendons. Bone spurs may or may not cause symptoms.
Is osteochondroma congenital?
The osteochondromas are not present at birth, but approximately 96 percent of affected people develop multiple osteochondromas by the time they are 12 years old. Osteochondromas typically form at the end of long bones and on flat bones such as the hip and shoulder blade.
Is multiple Exostoses a disability?
If you or your dependent(s) are diagnosed with Hereditary Multiple Osteochondromas and experience any of these symptoms, you may be eligible for disability benefits from the U.S. Social Security Administration.
What is giant cell Tumour?
A giant cell tumor is a rare, aggressive, noncancer tumor. It often grows near a joint at the end of the bone. Most occur in the long bones of the legs and arms. They most often occur in young adults when skeletal bone growth is complete. Symptoms may include joint pain, swelling, and limited movement.
Are extra bones genetic?
HME is inherited as an autosomal dominant condition. This means that: Only one copy of the gene (either EXT1 or EXT2) has a mutation. In this case, a person will have HME.
Do benign bone tumors hurt?
Benign bone tumors include: Osteoblastomas, which affect children and adolescents. These tumors can be large, aggressive and painful. They are best treated by a multidisciplinary team of oncologists, orthopedic surgeons and pain management specialists.
What is Osteochondromatosis?
Synovial Chondromatosis. Synovial chondromatosis (also called synovial osteochondromatosis) is a rare, benign (noncancerous) condition that involves the synovium, which is the thin layer of tissue that lines the joints. Synovial chondromatosis can arise in any joint in the body, but most commonly occurs in the knee.
Are Osteochondromas painful?
In general, osteochondromas are hard masses that grow on top of the bone and only cause pain when nerves, muscles, or tendons rub against them. Keep in mind that each child can experience symptoms of osteochondroma differently, depending on the size and location of the tumor or tumors.
Does bone spur surgery hurt?
It is done using a few small incisions and a lighted viewing tube called an arthroscope. Or the doctor may make one larger incision. This is called open surgery. After surgery, you may have less pain.